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  1. Electrolysis is the process by which Ionic substances are decomposed (broken down) into simpler substances when an electric current is passed through them.
    Ionic substances contains oppositely charged ions and conduct electricity when melted or dissolved in water.


    A processor (CPU) is the logic circuitry that responds to and processes the basic instructions
    The form, design and implementation of CPUs have changed over the course of their history, but their fundamental operation remains almost unchanged.


    Most modern CPUs are microprocessors, meaning they are contained on a single integrated circuit (IC) chip.
    The internal arrangement of a microprocessor varies depending on the intended purposes of the microprocessor.

    If we look at microprocessor history and its generations, the making of microprocessors have undergone many changes with respect to positioning / placement of circuits

    Pentium I - 0.8µm
    Pentium II - 0.35µm
    Pentium III - 0.18µm
    Pentium IV - 0.18µm

    65 nanometer technology
    22 nanometer technology
    14 nanometer technology


    The smallest commercial chips now use 10nm technology. The first 14 nm scale devices were shipped to consumers by Intel in 2014.

    One nanometer (nm) is one billionth of a meter.
    1 nm = 1×10−9 m

    Now, the question is how much smaller can we go in making of the processors. Hmmm... as far as possible we cant go smaller then the size of an atom.

    Take any atom its size ranges in picometer (pm) which is 1×10−12 m.

    An atom gets larger as the number of electronic shells increase; therefore the radius of atoms increases as you go down a certain group in the periodic table of elements.
    In general, the size of an atom will decrease as you move from left to the right of a certain period.


    The question is how can we make circuits at such precision.

    Electrolysis is one of the solution where you can prepare base circuit board with pins attached to a device smart enough to supply electricity on each pins as per circuit requirement and expose the IC surface to electrolyte solution to build required circuit.

    Here the circuit board pins will act like an electrode where the charged atoms will react and may get deposited to build required circuit.

    Yeah, you will need to find out proper solution on what element(s)/chemical(s) need to be mixed together depending on their structure and physical properties in distilled water to make a conducting solution for electrolysis.

    This there by gives hope to Moore's Law.

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    But in case of Biot  number this ' k' (thermal conductivity) is of Solid whereas in case of Nusselt number 'k' (thermal conductivity) is of Fluid.


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